In the previous post, I detailed the arbitrage process. In this post, let me provide some other resources to understand the process better.
Joe Ponzio (Fwallstreet) is a value investor and writes extremely well on value investing with a lot of clarity. He has written several posts on arbitrage with examples of specific companies such as the tribune company. In this post, and this post he talks of the 7 broad steps in a merger or accquisition. These steps are mainly around the due diligence of the deal, signing a definitive agreement, getting shareholder approval and follwed by the regulatory approvals. Once all the approvals have been taken, the probability of the transaction happening is high
As Joe’s indicates,correctly in this post – ‘In arbitrage, the goal is to earn high rates of return on an annualized basis in low-risk, high-certainty situations’. So by investing in a transaction which is past the major approvals, an investor can be confident that the transaction will happen , which reduces the risk component of an arbitrage transaction.
I would recommend you to read his arbitrage related post to get a good understanding on the process.
What are the kind transactions which can be considered for arbitrage ? I have written on these transactions in the past and am listing them here again
Mergers : These can be friendly in nature or hostile. Friendly mergers have lower risk and lower return. Hostile mergers have higher risk and correspondingly higher returns. Mergers can involve cash merger where the target shareholder is paid cash for their holding or stock for stock exchange or a combination of the two.
Bankruptcy or restructuring
Arbitrage helps in generating positive returns during a bear market. However the downside is that this investment category requires a lot of work for the small returns you get in return. As a result arbitrage may not be suitable for someone who is able to devote only a few hours a month on investing.